The Ebony Project is a partnership where business, communities, and researchers work together to protect a valuable timber species, reforest degraded land, address local food security issues, and improve rural livelihoods.
The project combines three goals.
First, rural communities in Cameroon want good access to nutritious food and opportunities for economic growth.
Second, the Congo Basin forest harbors astounding biodiversity and enormous amounts of carbon—making effective conservation in the area critically important.
Third, Taylor Guitars wants to ensure that the tropical hardwood ebony is available for generations to come.
The Ebony Project is designed to address all three goals by working with communities to plant a combination of ebony trees and locally valuable fruit, medicine, and timber trees. The communities tend the trees to ensure they grow and thrive. For the first five years of participation, the project pays small stipends to the communities for this work. After the fifth year, as the locally valuable trees advance towards bearing fruit, the communities care for the trees independently, and harvest the fruits and medicines (non-timber forest products) for their own use or for sale. The project provides sylvicultural booklets that record who planted what, when and where. These booklets help the project track progress, and help individual community members feel more secure in their land tenure.
Four pillars of the Ebony Project
Support Local Communities
Communities are the foundation of Ebony Project activities. They grow, plant, and tend the trees. One of the first steps when expanding to a new community is to sign a Community Agreement. These formal, written agreements memorialize what the project will provide and what the individual/community’s obligations are in return (free, prior, and informed consent, or “FPIC”) —they are a foundational document for the Ebony Project. Participating communities are a mix of Bantu (an agrarian group) and Baka (an indigenous traditionally hunter-gather group).
Grow and Plant Trees
The Ebony Project works with communities to build local nurseries, identify valued tree species, collect seeds, and grow plants. We also provide communities with training on nursery management, and on more advanced tree propagation techniques like marcotting. We maintain a central nursery in Yaoundé, Cameroon to supplement community nurseries and provide improved stock for more advanced propagation techniques. The communities grow the saplings until they are ready to transplant. Before the long rainy season starts, we work with individuals to identify and prepare places to plant the trees. The Ebony Project supports tree planting in fallow fields, secondary or degraded forest, and in agroforestry settings (e.g. with cacao trees). Once the saplings are planted, the individuals are paid annually for each surviving tree for five years, and project staff continue to provide technical support to communities.
Conduct Ecological Research
As Bob Taylor said when we first started, everyone knows how to cut down ebony, but no one knows how to grow it. This project has changed that. Ebony Project researchers, led by Dr. Vincent Deblauwe, have assessed where ebony grows, under what conditions, and at what rate. They’ve determined the main pollinators of ebony, and confirmed that seed dispersers (the animals that eat ebony fruits and move ebony seeds) are critical to a healthy ebony population. This means ebony populations in forests where human hunting has eliminated most large mammals are less healthy, and face long-term challenges reproducing. They have linked ebony to another iconic species--forest elephants—which appear to be a critical seed disperser for ebony.
Build a Road Map for Rainforest Restoration
The lessons learned from the Ebony Project will ultimately be translated into approaches for restoring other species of ecologically and economically important trees. In this way, the rainforests of Central Africa can be sustained and restored, contributing to the livelihoods of local communities and contributing to the conservation and preservation of the region’s high biodiversity.
Impact and learning
- As of 2020, we planted over 15,000 ebony trees and nearly 2,000 locally valuable fruit trees
- Ebony was moved from endangered to vulnerable, based on our research and planting activities
- There are 23,000 ebony saplings and nearly 11,000 locally valuable fruit trees growing in project nurseries
- The Ebony Project has a strong commitment to building local capacity. One Cameroonian student earned her PhD and two earned their Masters degrees through The Ebony Project.
- The Ebony Project supported some of the most advanced technical work on using tissue culture to grow a tropical hardwood species.
Where we work
The Ebony Project is active in ebony’s natural range in southeast Cameroon. We work with communities that live in the area around the Dja Faunal Reserve, a 526,000 hectare protected mature tropical rainforest. The Ebony Project aims to provide a viable approach for local communities to achieve food security and improve rural livelihoods, while increasing forest cover in this critical habitat. If successful, we believe the Ebony Project could provide a model for community-centered reforestation in Central Africa.
- Taylor Guitars
- Higher Institute for Environmental Studies (HIES)
Annual Progress Reports
Each year, the project teams produces an annual report to document its successes and challenges in the previous year and to state its assumptions moving forward. Reports are intended to be an honest assessment of the state of the project at each given moment it time.
- The Ebony Project Annual Progress Report 2021
- The Ebony Project Annual Progress Report 2020
- The Ebony Project Annual Progress Report 2019
- The Ebony Project Annual Progress Report 2018
- The Ebony Project Annual Progress Report 2017
- Life history, uses, trade and management of Diospyros crassiflora Hiern, the ebony tree of the Central African forests: A state of knowledge (2020)
- Micropropagation and Effect of Phloroglucinol on Rooting of Diospyros crassiflora Hiern
- 2018 IUCN Red List Evaluation of Diospyros crassiflora, Ebony
- PICT: A low-cost, modular, open-source camera trap system to study plant–insect interactions